Citizens in energy transition: Analizing the case of biofuels acceptance
Anthony Paris  1, 2, 3@  , Benoît Chèze  4, 5@  , Pascal Gastineau  6@  , Pierre-Alexandre Mahieu  7@  
1 : EconomiX  -  Site web
Université Paris Nanterre : UMR7235, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7235
Bâtiment G200 Avenue de la République92001 NANTERRE CEDEX -  France
2 : IFP Energies nouvelles  (IFPEN)  -  Site web
IFP Energies Nouvelles, IFP Energies Nouvelles
1-4 avenue de Bois Préau92500 Rueil-Malmaison -  France
3 : Laboratoire dÉconomie Dionysien  (LED)  -  Site web
Université Paris 8, Vincennes-Saint-Denis : EA3391
Université paris 8 2 rue de la Liberté 93526 Saint-Denis Cedex -  France
4 : IFPEN  (IFPEN)  -  Site web
Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique, Ministère de l'écologie de l'Energie, du Développement durable et de l'Aménagement du territoire
1 et 4 avenue de Bois-Préau, 92852 Rueil-Malmaison, France -  France
5 : EconomiX  -  Site web
CNRS : UMR7166, Université de Paris X - Nanterre
Bat K 200 Avenue de la République 92001 NANTERRE CEDEX -  France
6 : Environnement, Aménagement, Sécurité et Eco-conception  (IFSTTAR/AME/EASE)  -  Site web
Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux
Centre de Nantes Route de Bouaye - BP 4129 44341 Bouguenais Cedex -  France
7 : Laboratoire d\'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique  (LEMNA)  -  Site web
Université de Nantes : EA4272

Renewable fuels development is an integral part of the public policies mix adopted by policy makers to decarbonize the transportation sector. Widespread deployment of energy transition technologies will largely depend on the attitudes of consumers and citizens. This paper investigates the acceptance by the French population to pay a new tax dedicated to the development of new biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in this sector. With a Discrete Choice Experiment conducted among about 1000 French citizens in 2018, we analyze preferences for different biofuels characteristics using both mixed logit and latent class models. According to our result, our sample can be split into two segments. The membership of one of these two classes depends on the age of the respondent and its localization (urban vs. rural). Whatever the segment of the population, respondents appear to be very sensitive to a potential increase in food prices due to biofuels production; highlighting their preference for second-generation biofuels based on non-food commodities. Respondents are willing to pay a positive mean amount for each percentage point of GHG reduction compared to the actual situation. The two classes differ in the amounts they are willing to pay and in their desire to support the agricultural sector. While the majority (65%) of respondents are willing to pay a mean amount of 2.64 Euros by percentage point of GHG reduction, a minority (35%) is rather willing to pay about 0.68 Euro. The former appears to accept the production of agricultural residuals-based biofuels, whereas the latter has a low acceptance for agricultural-based biofuels and would thus prefers wood residuals-based biofuels.

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