Programme > Papiers par auteur > Von Below David

The climate-pension deal: An intergenerational bargain
Niko Jaakkola  1@  , Francis Dennig  2@  , David Von Below  3@  
1 : Ifo Institut
2 : Yale-NUS College
3 : Copenhagen Economics

We augment a conventional climate-economy model with a Diamond overlapping generations structure to assess the intergenerational impacts of climate change and climate policies. Efficient outcomes involve the usual marginal condition: the carbon price equals the sum of discounted future marginal damage costs. We introduce an intergenerational bargain which picks out a particular efficient point, grounded on laissez-faire utilities instead of discount rates, leaving all generations better off. This is achieved by intergenerational transfers compensating for past mitigation. We calibrate our model to the DICE model. Discounted welfare maximisation under market-derived discount rates or under zero discounting both leave early generations worse off. The Pareto-improving bargain involves substantial mitigation, with carbon prices roughly twice as high as under welfare maximisation with market-derived discount rates.

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